Training Modules

MODULE XII

 

Personal Care

  • Eating is an activity of daily living (ADL)

  • Follow client routines & preferences when doing personal care

  • To promote dignity & independence encourage clients to perform tasks independently

  • The perineum should be washed daily

  • Make sure clients room is warm before starting bath

  • If nails are assigned or dirty they should be cleaned

  • Honoring clients preferences promotes independence and dignity

  • Always wear gloves when shaving clients

  • Handle clients hair gently during hair care

  • Pediculosis (LICE)

  • Address clients weakened side appropriately by saying “involved side”

  • Affected side – Involved

  • Client should do as much as possible when dressing themselves

  • Oral care should be done twice a day

  • For unconscious clients use as little water as possible for oral care, prevents aspirations because the persons swallowing reflux is weak. Risk of aspiration

  • Unconscious clients may still be able to hear

  • Hearing aids should be wiped with cloth and special solution.

  • Return clean dentures to client or in denture cup

  • Use fractured bedpan for clients that can’t raise hips

  • Wider end of bedpan should align with buttocks

  • Position fractured bedpan handle towards feet of bed

  • Lateral position is lying side to side

  • Semi sitting position is Fowlers position

  • Prone position is lying on abdomen

  • Sims position is lying on left side with right knee up towards chest

  • Supine position is lying on back with head and shoulders on pillow

  • Shearing is rubbing or friction of skin from bone moving opposite direction

  • Dangling is sitting up with legs and feet over side of bed

  • Transfer belts should be placed over client’s clothing

  • When transferring, move client towards stronger side first

  • Mechanical lift (Hoyer) prevents wear and tear of the body

  • When client is falling widen your stance and bring client close to you

  • Quad cane has 4 rubber tipped feet

  • Ambulating means client can walk

  • The foot board prevents foot drop

  • Anti-embolism stockings is also called elastic stockings

  • I & O means *intake and output” of liquids

  • 240 ml/cc is equal to 8 oz. (1 oz. = 30 ml) 8x30 = 240

  • Multiply by 30 to convert ounces to milliliters (ml/cc)

  • Apnea monitors are to check breathing

  • Change baby frequently to avoid diaper rash

  • Have clean diaper ready when bathing

  • Slide board – transfer board

  • Umbilical cord care prevents infection

  • Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is an OTC drug

  • Right client is part of 5 rights of medications

  • For clients self-medicating always provide food and water

  • Misuse of prescriptions can be fatal

  • HHA’s can NOT cut tablets in half

  • Call Poison Control immediately if client has taken the wrong medications

  • Neonate is medical term for new born baby

  • When holding baby always support head

  • Wetting and soiling diapers regularly, should be documented

  • When in crib lie baby on their back

  • Measuring newborns is challenging because they wiggle and squirm

  • Special safety precautions needed with oxygen is a fire hazard.

  • Medications should be stored away from light and heat

  • If client refuses medication ask why and notify supervisor.

  • An artificial eye is a prosthetic

  • Orthotic devices correct join positions & function

  • Would – is a type of injury to the skin